The trace of Yoga goes back to 5000 year old history when Yoga originated in India. Postures, meditation and purification of mind and body are the foundation of this yogic art.
Ashtanga is a Sanskrit word where ' Ashta ' means eight and ' Anga ' means limbs which makes the word eight limbs. It was formulated by ancient yoga guru Patanjali. This yoga will help you to move on the right track in perfect sync with nature and surrounding area, which helps you to self-realization.
In Bhagwad Gita, Sri Krishna says, " The distraction of mind from the goal and unending desires creeping in mind is the biggest obstacle in self-realization. First, learn to control your thought process in a definite direction, only then self-realization is possible. "
Eight Limbs of Ashtanga Yoga :
There are some impurities in human which obstruct its path to higher goals of spirituality. By practicing and watching our habits, we can go to the path of inner purity. Our inner disciplines reflect our personality in outer society, as you are also an entity in the system. The perfect control or discipline helps us to develop for being a good yoga practitioner.
The five Yama ( Pure Conduct) are :
- Ahimsa (non-violence)
- Sathya (truthfulness
- Asteya (non-stealing)
- Brahmacharya (celibacy)
- Aparigrahya (non-accumulation of obects)
It is a self-discipline exercise where you are the master and student at the same. Here, nobody is guiding you and giving instructions to differentiate between good or bad, pure or un-pure. We should remember that practice makes a man perfect. By practice and regular watch, you control your habits and thereby thoughts.
- Niyama (self-discipline)
- Shoucha (cleanliness)
- Santosha (Contenment)
- Tapas (Determination)
- Svadhyaya (self-study)
- Ishvara pranidhana (total surrender to God)
It focuses on sitting comfortable position for extended period. We feel relaxed muscles, energetic movement and sharp bent of body action in Asana.
Yoga Asana are basic steps to higher awareness with the right coordination of mind, body and higher consciousness. Asana Yoga is foundation stones for Hatha Yoga. Mind energy can be sharpened by controlling the physical reactions inside our body.
Pranayam is small drop in the vast ocean of Yoga. It is composed of two words--- ' Prana ' means subtle life force and ' Yama ' means control. It is more than a breathing control. The subtle life force exists in all living beings which is more subtle than oxygen or air. It means controlling the life force and thus controlling the body and mind.
Prayahara (pulling out senses)
Our five senses are always active, and as step in outer world, we distracted due to sensory observation. For self-realization, we need complete pulling out of senses and focus on single focused goal. Even a single sense, like observing beautiful face in outer world is enough to create stumbling block in our ultimate goal.
Dharana (perception of object)
Either, we are living in past or contemplating on future. Seldom, we live in the present moment. It also created distraction to attain single-focus concentration. Like a aimless creature, we wonder here and there, with no fixed ultimate goal. The single-focussed concentration makes us to move nearer to the self-realization goal.
Meditation can be broadly classified under two categories namely passive and dynamic. In the passive the mind is stilled to non-activity of thought whereas in the dynamic form the mind is supplied with thought activity engrossing it in such a manner that the subconscious mind is unshackled to accesses the super-conscious states leading to elevated levels of wisdom cognizance.
It is the super consciousness state when there is union of self-soul to the supreme soul which brings extreme bliss and joy which can't be described in words. It is the realization of Brahama (supreme soul). It is the union of Lord Shiva and Parvati in the higher head. We get the oneness with the universal consciousness, thus attaining salvation.
Ashtang Yoga teacher training course in Rishikesh
Yoga philosophy of Patanjali is based on asnas, pranayama, concentration and meditation. Ashtang yoga is the crucial subject in the 200 hours teacher training course in Rishikesh.
The place is unique for several reasons :
- Indigenous spiritual vibrations is encouraging for meditation
- One remained cut-off from distracting thoughts during four weeks of learning process
- Feel the refreshing experience of Ganga from day one
- One understands naturally the mechanism of yogic practices
- The teacher training course focus on traditional method of yoga